1927- Canberra becomes the capital of Australia.
1941- The German submarine U-110 captured at sea along with its Enigma machine by the Royal Navy.
1945- World War II: The Soviet Union marks Victory Day over Nazi Germany.
1946- King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy abdicates his throne and is replaced by his son Umberto II.
1955- West Germany joins the NATO.
2009- Jacob Zuma sworn in as President of South Africa.
1927- German biophysical chemist Manfred Eigen.
1935- British painter and author Charles Roger Hargreaves.
1805- German Poet Friedrich Schiller.
2004- The 1st President of the Chechen Republic Akhmad Kadyrov.