Today in History, 31 July
1914- Germany declares war on Russia during World War I.
1954- France responds to Tunisians’ demands for internal autonomy.
1973- The establishment of European Space Agency announced.
2014- Bolivian President Evo Morales declares Israel a terrorist entity.
1912- Milton Friedman, an American economist and statistician.
1993- Baudouin I, the King of Belgium.